Lessons Learnt From Three Stories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lessons Learnt From Three Stories

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In facts, some of stories read during the semester serve as a cautionary tales, and meaning that people should learn. This is evident in the three stories “Power”, “Little things/mine” and Sonny’s blues. With no doubt; there are reasons that should drive every reader to read the stories. For instance, the story “power” by Jim is a story that imposes different lessons such as, the kind of stories we should talk about because new stories may turn into reality. In this context, the author depicts an interesting topic to the readers on the benefit of reading inspirational books, which are said to augment transformation. One core lesson stands out, human beings are responsible for their action, and in this case, they have power to choose what to listen to, read, and talk. Therefore, the author depicts that self-fulfillment is possible only when it is believed and worked on.

Similarly, “Little things” is a story by Raymond Craver who in great effort narrates a story that in brief evolves the concept of divorce. In this case, the story begins with the man deciding to leave his family, which led to conflict of who would remain with the baby. After packing everything, the man went to the living room to pick the baby but, the woman grabbed the baby.  Because the man is much stronger than the woman, he obtained the baby, which left sorrow to the woman. The woman could accept the fact her baby was gone, and as the story ends she tries to cope with the situation. In brief, Craver’s story is a detailed short story that indicates the consequences of divorce. It shows that, divorce enhance severe effects to all parties; the wife, husband, and children. In this story, as the two parties grab the child, the child stats to cry despite of her innocence. With this regard, the story educates the reader that, divorce significantly augments severe effects that cannot be ignored.

Lastly, “Sonny’s blue” is a story by James Baldwin, who begins the story by highlighting how he learnt from the newspapers that his younger brother was arrested for dealing with heroine. This disturbs the author since he had warned his brother Sonny not to be involved in drug traffic. The narrator’s mother accuses the author for not being his brother’s keeper, particular when tension between the two brothers rise, the narrator consider if his brother was dead. At this point, the aspect of brotherly extends beyond explanation since as the story ends, the narrator finally takes the responsibility of constantly taking care of his brother as he emerge from the prison.

From these, the primary lesson that stands out is the obligation toward brotherly love whereby, the narrator’s mother encourages her two sons to obligate brotherly love that extends in all aspects. In this narrative, the author fathom great teaching on the importance of being your brother’s keeper. This aligns to the subject of Cain and Abel who present a dilemma after Cain murdering Abel. In the story, the narrator remarks on the prevalence of fury and rage as a way of portraying internal and external conflicts that occur in families. From this, the reader can fathom the need to treat people with dignity and respect in love.

Conclusively, the three stories outlay various lessons, which educates many on marriage, family, and personal lives. As discussed in the paper, the “Power” story the sneed of choosing what we read wisely for it directly affects our reasoning.  “Little things” is a story that outlay the consequences of divorce, and “Sonny’s blue” is a story that evolve on brotherly love and internal and external conflicts in families.

 

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BlackBerry

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BlackBerry

Introduction

The introduction of the BlackBerry brand onto the information and technology market in 1999 is regarded as one of the landmark developments in the field of communication technology (Mittal and Shikha 11; Sweeny 44). In the past years, BlackBerry has witnessed a significant rise in popularity of its Smartphone products with statistics showing a consistent growth of its market presence and competitive advantage (Simmons 90; Baldauf and Ralph 52). It is estimated that BlackBerry accounts for nearly 3 percent of the global sales of mobile cell phones. Some of the technological features that have increased the appeal of the BlackBerry brand on the market include internet browsers, personal digital assistants, cameras, portable media players, push email, instant messaging, and gaming devices (Mazo and Martin 41; Kao, Dante and Kevin 66).

In terms of aesthetics, the BlackBerry is renowned for its stylish features and diversity in models, which are particularly made to suit the various tastes of the clientele. The BlackBerry manufacturer, Research In Motion (RIM) has sought to enhance the features and qualities of the brand in order to suit the growing dynamics in preferences and retain its hold on the market (Sarigumba, Robert, William and Timothy 127). Generally, BlackBerry brands have been some of the leading forces behind the innovations and technological developments of mobile telephone business.

It is important to consider the rapid development of BlackBerry as a signal of the nature of growth of mobile telephony on the international space. Although the BlackBerry brand has brought about multiple advantages, questions still linger as to the vulnerability of individual privacies in the wake of increased sophistication that have followed social networking and other internet based services (Johnston and Richard 85). As a result, it would be necessary to consider both the positive and negative contributions of BlackBerry in the field of communication.

Research Methods

I will research pertinent information on the BlackBerry brands from the relevant websites that contain resourceful information on the products. Particularly, my concern will be on the product range, innovations, and other matters of technological development.

I will explore market analyses and reports to obtain information about the performance of the BlackBerry brand on the international market. These sources will furnish my understanding on the market forces, competition, performance and stability of the BlackBerry brand. It will also enable me to determine the SWOT and PEST analysis of the product.

I will incorporate case studies on the performance of the BlackBerry and its impact on the mobile telephony market from identified cases around the world. This will help in matching findings, propositions, and information from other sources with actual performances.

I will examine documentaries with relevant information on the features, developments, market performance, and trends of the BlackBerry brands in the context of information technology developments. This will help in predicting scenarios for the future within the context of development in the field of mobile telephony.

I will explore wide literature on the general development of Smartphone brands from the perspective of other companies in order to assess the levels of competition and the nature of the market in which the BlackBerry brand has developed. This will help in determining some of the underlying forces behind the development and consumption of the products.

Time Line

  • Week 1: Collect resources and documentaries relevant to the study
  • Week 2: Begin working on the annotated bibliography
  • Week 3: Carry out a comprehensive research on resourceful and current literature
  • Week 4: Start developing a preliminary outline of the paper
  • Week 5: Begin fitting particular details into the outline of the paper
  • Week 6: Start developing the rough draft of the study
  • Week 7: Seek supervisors views on the rough draft
  • Week 8: Review the draft in line with the supervisor’s guidance
  • Week 9: Finish up the remaining details of the final draft
  • Week 10: Edit and submit the final draft for assessment

Relevance of the Study

This study will seek to explore the various advantages that the Black Beery brand has brought in the field of information and technology. The findings of this study will enable market analysts to predict the future of the mobile telephony by engaging with the patterns of consumption and preferences of the clientele. The study will also be resourceful in providing a landscape for investors as it will supply appropriate information on the global trends in the consumption of the mobile telephone products. It would be necessary to determine some of the challenges and opportunities that are to be found in the field of mobile telephone technology from the perspective of the Black Berry brand.

Essentially, this study will explore the different kinds of synergies that have been developed to explain the place of technology in expanding the value of communication. This study will open up ways of exploring the different kinds of services that have evolved within mobile telephone communication in the geographical space. Comparative studies of past and recent studies have shown that the consumption of mobile telephone services has grown tremendously and has evolved to include innovations in entertainment and edutainment. This study will assess the validity of such claims from the perspective of BlackBerry brand of mobile telephone products.

 

Annotated Bibliography

Mittal, Kunal and Shikha Gupta. BlackBerry for Work: Productivity for Professionals. New York: Apress, 2010.

This book delves in the different roles that a BlackBerry could play outside the domain of mobile telephony. The study identifies various tasks such as data storage, scheduling, time management, research and other activities and processes that the BlackBerry technology is suited for performing. The study will be necessary in this research as t will provide resourceful information regarding the multiple advantages that the BlackBerry brand has bought in the professional world.

 

Simmons, Curt. How to Do Everything with Your BlackBerry, Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Prof Med/Tech, 2004

This book shows the utilitarian aspect f the BlackBerry from different dimensions. The author projects his attention to the multiple applications, which have given the BlackBerry a competitive advantage in the world of mobile technology. In essence, the study explores the different aspects of the BlackBerry in terms of a technological solution to different fields. This book will furnish the study with some of the advantages of the BlackBerry in order to expand the literature on the value of the brand.

 

Sweeny, Alastair. BlackBerry Planet: The Story of Research in Motion and the Little Device that Took the World by Storm. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

Sweeny’s book explores the revolutionary qualities of the BlackBerry as a modern invention in the field of mobile telephony. This book goes into great detail to highlight the many technical features of the BlackBerry, which have made it a favourable asset for people from different walks of life. The value of this study could be assessed from a comparative point of view between old school mobile telephone technology and the modern technology within the context of BlackBerry.

 

 

Works Cited

Baldauf, Kenneth and Ralph Stair. Succeeding with Technology. London: Cengage Learning, 2010

Johnston, Craig, J., and Richard Evers. Professional BlackBerry. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

Kao, Robert, Dante Sarigumba and Kevin J. Michaluk. BlackBerry Storm For Dummies. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2010

Mazo, Gary and Martin Trautschold. BlackBerry Bold Made Simple: For the BlackBerry Bold 9700 Series. New York: Apress, 2010

Mittal, Kunal and Shikha Gupta. BlackBerry for Work: Productivity for Professionals. New York: Apress, 2010.

Sarigumba, Dante, Robert Kao, William Petz and Timothy Calabro. BlackBerry All-in-One For Dummies. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2010

Simmons, Curt. How to Do Everything with Your BlackBerry, Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Prof Med/Tech, 2004

Sweeny, Alastair. BlackBerry Planet: The Story of Research in Motion and the Little Device that Took the World by Storm. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

 

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Ancient Cultures

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Ancient Cultures

 

There have been numerous changes in the conventions for representing the human figure in prehistoric and ancient art. In the republican time, human face was represented using faces with wrinkles showing signs of aging. One such art was the “portrait head of an Elder,” which was made in 80BCE and had wrinkles all over the face. This was a change from previous art where the ancestors we represented using masks. Another changed portrayal of human was the Seated scribe, which was made between 2450 and 2325 BCE in Egypt. This portrait was a depiction of the sedentary way of life by scribes, which results in flabby appearance (royal-athena galleries Web).

The portrait head of an elder that showed respect for the elderly who were considered wise, the Seated scribe demonstrated effects of sedentary life. Standing Buddha was a depiction of the effects of intermixing between Greek and Buddhist. As opposed to previous Buddhist, art, which was, represented Buddha as stupa, Bodhi tree, wheel, empty seat, and footprints. Generally, the “portrait head of an Elder” Standing Buddha and Seated Scribe demonstrated increased sophistication in art (royal-athena galleries Web).

Since prehistoric times, human make use of art to represent their culture. A good example is the Great Stupa at the Sanchi is one of the finest arts demonstrating the culture of the Mauryan Empire. The gateways to this monument are carved finely to depict Buddhist legends and lifestyle the teachings of Buddhist are inscribed on the 85,000 stupas. The gateways demonstrate tales of Buddha’s incarnations. Additionally, the inscriptions regarding the Buddha’s teachings, his life, sermons, and moment of enlightenment are inscribed (royal-athena galleries Web).

The pyramids of Giza are considered the most popular monuments depicting the Egyptian civilization, which was one of richest civilization in the world. The pyramid depicts the great influence of the pharaohs particularly in the ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids, which comprise of massive stone structures, were constructed about 4500 years ago. The pyramids of Giza are located on a desert plateau near Memphis. They were built in honor of the dynasty kings who included Khufu, Menkaure, and Khafre. Like the paleolithic art, which included burial sites, the Giza pyramids included a mortuary temple where the Egyptians conducted burial rituals for the kings (Newby and Leader-Newby 115-120).

The pyramids of Giza, which are among the Seven Wonders of the World, are considered engineering wonders even today. Additionally, the pyramids are considered some of the oldest examples of human architecture. They demonstrate the culture of the Egyptians living at the period of their construction. The pharaohs were supposed to maintain cosmic balance and the pyramid demonstrate that stability. It was through the pyramids that the powers of the gods flowed to the pharaohs. The strength of the pyramids was symbolic of the power of the Egyptian gods while the underway water tunnels were a symbol of the flow of spiritual strength amongst the Egyptians (royal-athena galleries; Newby and Leader-Newby 112-118).

The Parthenon is a temple built by the Athenians and depicts the Greek civilization. Persians destroyed the temple in 480 BC while still under construction. The foundation was built using Limestone while columns were constructed using Pentelic marble. The temple was constructed from 447 to 432 BCE. It symbolizes the architecture of the ancient Acropolis. The architects who designed it were Iktinos and Kallikrates. The temple was dedicated to goddess Athena Pallas. The temple was constructed to shelter Athena, statue that was made of gold and ivory (Newby and Leader-Newby 200-208).

The above arts were constructed by the public and were depictive of their way of life, particularly their religious lives. They were constructed using natural materials and dedicated to the kings. The art was similar to paleolithic artifacts that demonstrated the way of life of the early man (Royal-athena galleries Web).

 

Works Cited

Newby, Zahra and Ruth Leader-Newby. Art and Inscriptions in the Ancient World. London: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print.

Royal-athena galleries. Art of the Ancient World. 2007. http://www.royalathena.com/media/intropagespics/AAW07.pdf. 20 Oct 2012.

 

 

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Analysis of the Film Alphaville

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Analysis of the Film Alphaville

The film Alphaville as directed by Jean-Luc Godard (1965) is a precursor of the challenges of the modern world, where scientific developments and overreliance to logic threatens the flourishing of natural emotions, love, and human compassion. In some sense, this film could be understood in terms of a critique of science and modernity in their quest to spur human development. The world of science measures progress and human development from the point of view of measurements and experimentations.

In this film, Lemmy Caution invades the scientific city of Alphaville with a range of objectives, which partly includes the assassination of the professor von Braun (Godard). The professor creates a world that outlaws emotions and punishes by killing people found to have succumbed to these “illogical” qualities. Gradually, the entire world of Alphaville is withdrawn from natural human qualities by replacing emotions with scientific concepts. The result is a world that gravitates towards self-destruction, and which becomes a threat to other societies that do not subscribe to its own laws.

This film is a reminder of some of the perils of scientific developments. The past decades have seen rapid developments in the world of technology as scientists seek all possible ways to increase efficiency and effectiveness in all discourses of human concern. Generally, the development of a system that relies on scientific knowledge might be assumed a positive, even laudable step. However, such developments acquire negative qualities whenever they invade into the natural discourses that are controlled by the natural qualities of humanity. Technically, the society of Alphaville as controlled by the computer program challenges the basic tenets that support human emotion and compassion. In some sense, human beings and machinery are made into a uniform continuum that must exist in perfect harmony according to the strict boundaries provided by the professor.

It might be important to consider the effects of increased reliance on scientific concepts of developments on the society. Past and recent analyses of social trends have revealed a worrying increase in the cases of family disintegration and divorce in the world. The trends shows that the most developed parts of the world are more affected by the collapse of the family unit as compared to the developing parts of the world. For instance, statistics indicate that the family unit in the United States has always been under the constant menace of collapse (Wells and McFadden 59). This reality could be explained in form of the pressure that derives from the world of logic and science. Scientific progress, as shown in Alphaville has the potential of disrupting the harmonious survival of humanity. As such, it becomes important to exercise caution when embracing systems that are significantly reliant on the laws of science.

By their very nature, the laws of science are limited and narrow. They cannot comprehend the complexity of human nature. In order for these laws to govern human existence, they must fight against systems that cannot be reduced into clear theories. Matters of love, care and compassion cannot be quantified. Value judgments have metaphysical qualities in nature. They cannot lend themselves to explanations founded on the laws of logic. Due to this fact, it becomes necessary to investigate the place of science within the basic survival of humanity. Essentially, it is impossible for science to destroy the governing laws of human compassion, emotions, and feelings without destroying the entire humanity.

One of the issues that are discussed within the concept of science is its role in the process of human development. Some social researchers have identified a growing gap between the world of science and nature. Science dehumanizes humanity by promoting the laws of logic above those of emotions. Warfare, human abuses, and other catastrophic occurrences have been blamed on the laws of logic (Porter 30). Logical pursuit of political ends have often involved the development of the most sophisticated and catastrophic weaponry, which are meant to maintain world power. Some scholars have argued that only a return to the basic human instincts of humanity would rescue the world from the imminence of annihilation given the continued development of nuclear arsenals. As such it becomes necessary to moderate scientific developments with natural concepts, which are necessarily grounded in compassion and care.

In Sharpville, detective Lemmy Caution represents the positive disruptive force that seeks to restore human love and emotion in a world that has grown increasingly mute and withdrawn into the shells of science. It might be necessary to examine the manner in which the ideal of love has been disrupted by modern technological devices. For instance, expressions of love are codified and stored into smart phones such that it becomes merely a mechanical task to choose and send a message of love to a close family member. Such developments have destroyed human expressions and converted the world into a loveless space in which everything must be represented by the rules of science. On this note, the modern world must contend with possibilities of increased conflicts and uncontrolled passions because the natural structures have been destroyed.

Unlike in the film Sharpville, there might be no interventions from brave detectives, whose efforts would spell a return to the laws of nature about love and human compassion. Further, scenarios have always pointed to the direction of increased sophistication where the world will increase its levels of dependence on scientific tenets and logical concepts. Discourses of globalization, liberalization, and global citizenship have demonstrated the capacity to work both ways in contributing both positive and negative qualities to the growth and development of human societies. The pressure of lobbyists and pressure groups should rise up to challenge the gradual disintegration of humanity into the unfeeling world of scientific dominance. This film effectively warned of the growing shape of humanity, which would collapse to practices that militate against love, passion, and compassion.

Some of the issues that are explored in this film include the realization of the difference between needs and wants of the human society. Science should supplement the natural efforts that are meant to supply human needs and wants. Overreliance on the laws of science has converted many societies into automated entities, which respond to situations in ways that mirror the rigidity of logic and methods of science. The film cuts into various discourses of human concern in order to illustrate the fact that the level of threats faced by humanity could spread into nearly all discourses of human interest. Many of the grim possibilities that the film projected have been felt with surprising precision in the modern world. Such indications reinforce the view that the world of science must engage with cultural precepts, mores, values, and traditions in order to engage meaningfully with the natural qualities of humanity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Godard, Jean-Luc. (Dir). Alphaville. 1965, (Film).

Porter, Noah. Science and Humanity; Or, a Plea for the Superiority of Spirit Over Matter. New York: BiblioBazaar, 2008

Wells, Headlam and McFadden, Johnjoe. Human Nature: Fact and Fiction: Literature, Science and Human Nature. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2006

 

 

 

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Alternative Energy

It is often said that, alternative energy refers to any source of energy that replace fuel sources without inappropriate consequences of replaced fuels. This is an indicator that, alternative technologies may produce undesirable consequences such as burning of fossil fuels. Amazingly, alternative energy have been sued from ancient history whereby in most cases, it is subjected to sharp prices since it derives from sources such as flowing water, sunshine, biological waste, and wind.  Although many people have heard about alternative energy, many do not know the benefits that emerge from alternative energy.  According to the argument of Morgan (2009), the alternative energy is beneficial since there is no pollution emission, no global warming, can be used continually without exhausting it, and reduction of health issues.  But what are the facts about alternative energy, and what are the advantages and disadvantages it enhances in life?

As Morgan (2009) suggests, alternative energy is generated from natural resources such as wind, sunlight, geothermal, and tides among others. Currently, the most alternative energies that are much invested are wind and solar energy probably because they are easily available. This principle presupposes the Gunkel (2006) intrusion that solar, water and wind energy creates a platform to meet the demand of people globally.  What facts underlie in the mentioned alternative energies, and what kind of benefits emerged?  We should know that, people differ in differ in various ways in that some are financially stable while others are not. But the idea mentioned by Morgan (2009) seems fallacious because he outline that alternative energy are inappropriate for people with low income since they are require a lot of money to install. From my point of view, the benefits that emerge from using alternative energies cannot be compared the hazards. It is obvious that, the core benefit of using alternative energies is that, they never run out hence, they are sustainable. With this regard, it should be note that, the fuel derived from alternative energy is assessable and natural, which in facts reduces cost of operation. Reducing cost of operation enhances economic benefits borne in mind; such projects are located suburbs and large urban centers. Particularly, when the government funds such projects enhance maximum usage of alternative energy to many people.  To prove this, Flavin (2003) outline a precise fact that, in the United States, more than ten thousand homes are powered entirely with solar energy.

It borne in mind; enough sunlight falls on earth daily,  and when a state funds project that increase usage of alternative energy it enhance economic benefit attributed by cheaper cost of operation.  Nevertheless, in support of the fact that alternative energies are inappropriate for low income people, it is difficult to generate the quantity of alternative energy for instance fossil fuel generators. Still, there is high cost of installation, which may be unfavorable to people of low income.  The cost installation is expensive and few people can afford to meet such costs.  Flavin (2003) verify that, through renewable energy never run out; the truth of the matter is, they are costly to install, which eventually hinders most people from its usage.  By comparison, on the benefits on economic benefit and disadvantage on installation; they are all equal.  From my research, I found out that, If any of them stands out, it will affect the user positively and negatively because; despite the advantages of using alternative energy such as solar, they are difficult to install, which eventually may hinder many from carrying effectively using renewable energy.

In facts, wind can be used to produce electricity that may be enough to power many homes. In this context, Gardett (2011), outline that, in the United States, wind firms are currently producing enough electricity to cater for approximately six hundred thousand homes. This argument is credible in that, the United States generates over eleven thousand jobs on wind power industries with a notable growth in the past years. In reality, China is said to be the largest installed country with wind power, seconded by the United States.  With no doubt; this deepened my thinking on the benefits that emerge from using alternatives energy such as wind whereby it creates job opportunities and construction of electricity.  Quintessentially, alternative energy in China and the United States highlight the positive effect of creating job opportunities and production of electricity. In reality, this can be proved by the fact that, the two countries are doing well economically probably because of the advantage derived from windmill industries.

Typically, Gardett (2011) affirms that, water is the most renewable energy resource used globally. In explaining this, Gardett continues to outline that, water provide adequate power to meet necessitates of twenty eight million consumers. Typically, hydropower provides 10% of electricity in the United State and globally.  This argument is rational because hydroelectric is the oldest aspect of producing power borne in mind; many nations have use water to generate electricity. Approximately, two third of countries globally use water to generate electricity such as in India, China, Kenya, United States, and Australia among others. From this,  I found out that, generating electricity using hydroelectric power is beneficial in that, water that runs the power plant is given free of charge.  As a result, this saves both operational and maintenance costs, and decreases greenhouse gas emanations (Solar energy monitoring, 2010).  Nevertheless, while considering. Flavin (2003) argument, question on the limitations attributed by hydroelectric power raises attention. In reality, there is high investment cost when companies drill or dig up wells to get gas, oil, and coal. Companies may end up using a lot of resources when digging up the earth to obtain coal, gas, and oil.

From my research, I have articulated facts of alternative energy outlining its advantages and disadvantages in our life. In closing, I conquer with Morgan (2009) beliefs on the importance of using alternative energy such as wind.  He is absolutely right since he outline how Wind helps in electricity production creating an economic benefit for countries that use such source. His opinion is valid since in depth provides knowledge on how Windmill has created job opportunities for Chinese and American as the windmill peak in electricity production. Obviously, as many continues to use solar energy, it enhance an economic benefit considering that solar is a natural resource that is accessible.  At this point, I align with Gunkel (2006) assumption who in great effort affirms that, using alternative energy such as wind and sun augment economic benefit. Though there is a lot cost consumed during installation, the benefits that emerge from using solar energy cannot be sidelined. From, Gunkel point of view, alternative energy produces diminutive or no waste products such as chemical pollutants or carbon dioxide, and therefore has negligible impact on the environment.                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Flavin, C. (2003). Alternative energy sources. Applied Energy , 47 (2-3), 123-146

Gardett, P. ( 2011, October 25). Upgrading the Wind. AOL Newspaper, pp. 1

Gunkel, D. (2006). Alternative energy sources. London: Greenhaven Press

Morgan, S. (2009). Alternative Energy Sources. New York: Heinemann Library publisher

Solar energy monitoring. (2010). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy.          Retrieved from:             http://www.solarschools.net/resources/stuff/advantages_and_disadvantages.aspx

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Adam Smith’s Theory

 

According to Raphael (1985), Adam Smith is eminent for his theory wealth of nations which he developed as the foundation of economics. The theory has been in existence since 1776 and many are inspired by great insight of Adam Smith. His work is emulated by many as people view him as the father of economics. Born in 1723 and died in 1790, Smith left a legacy in his model wealth of nations that has been an influential contribution in economics. In brief, the theory identifies the basic principles that nation acquire wealth and function effectively when individuals use capital and proficiency at their own diplomacy.  His model revealed the nature of country’s prosperity as many learn the principles of economics. Up-to-date, his arguments are used and cited in debates as many learn from his great insights. Nevertheless, some people disagree with his assumption as many view him as an activist of callous individualism. Regardless of the way he is viewed, his theory is paramount in the economics field. How the economy does stem from his theory and importantly economists assume that the theory is accurate in how the world’s economy operates. At this point, this paper seeks to analyze the theory and lay a discussion of its pros and cons.

Wealth of nations

In his theory wealth of nation, Smith noted that wages and prices may reach optimal level when freedom of using capital and skills as per wish is imposed (Smith, In Cannan & Lerner, 1937). He taught by examples of new products which he argued that, when invented prices are usually high until when others discover the profit potential and join the field then prices go down. Indeed this can be outlined in today’s electronics where such scenarios take place. Smith supported the democratic system with his facts that when there is freedom to pursue ambitions it benefits the society and as an individual. From his assumptions, such freedom creates better products, new markets, and great opportunities for wealth. Smith felt that the government should provide goods and services that benefit everyone. These include grant patents, better roads, and copyrights as enticement for invention. In doing this, it motivates people to improve their lives and the country as a whole.

According to O’Rourke and Smith (2007), the theory explored that there cannot be consumption if there is no production. To explain further, Smith’s theory affirmed cars do not just exist there is a process through which they are put together in production to manufacture cars. Similarly, capitalism works in this way in the sense that when a car is manufactured, those in need of a car search for it in the car factory and purchase as per their choice of the car. In the 21st Century, people do not just walk in the car factory and request to purchase the car but they are purchased by a dealership and later sold to clients. The main point that Smith wanted to highlight is that, one can break capitalism in two parts consumption and production.  In this case, there cannot be consumption without production and vice versa.

Applicability

This law is applicable in today’s society in that one cannot purchase products at the market without being manufactured and supplied by a different party. Still, one cannot eat without preparing or acquiring food and cannot be in a house that has not been constructed. From his theory, Smith assumed that the market force ensured there is right invention of goods and services. The theorist based his idea on the aspect of free market economy whereby consumers have the free will to choose what they need. Smith perceived capitalism as the main aspect which drives and motivate the economy. He believed that it motivates companies and individuals to gain and accumulate profits. To support his argument, Smith developed two theories through a research on production in Europe during industrial revolution. The two theories are moral sentiments and wealth of nations which instigated many economists.

 

 

Pros and cons

First, the theory has been effective in the field of economics. It has been used as a guideline for prosperity by many nations such as the United States. Most of the assumption on how an economy operate stem from the Smith’s theory. Secondly, this theory is accurate based on what the world would be if the government diligently works towards giving goods and services that result to positive change to individuals and a nation such as public works. Thirdly, Smith theory illustrates the advantage of division of labour in manufacturing which is an essential principle in industrial revolution. Lastly, the theorist recognized the need of human motivation in the effective running of the economy. He emphasized on human rights of wealth ownership. However, some disagree with his assumption as many view him as an activist of callous individualism.

Conclusion

Concisely, the paper has discussed Adam Smith as a theorist who left a legacy in his theory wealth of nations. Smith lays a strong foundation in economists and many people view him as the founder of economics. His theory is great in contents as it give precise information on what affects the economy. As argued in this paper, Smith is known for two theories wealth of nations and moral sentiments which he educated many on economics principles. This paper majors its discussion on the theory of wealth of nations rooted on the nature and reasons of the nation’s wealth. Therefore, this essay has effectively discussed the Adam’s theory along with its pros and cons.

 

Reference

O’Rourke, P. J., & Smith, A. (2007). On The wealth of nations. New York: Atlantic Monthly        Press.

Raphael, D. D. (1985). Adam Smith. Oxford [Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press.

Smith, A., In Cannan, E., & Lerner, M. (1937). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the           wealth of nations. New York: The Modern library.

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A contrast between iPhone 4 and iPhone 4s

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A contrast between iPhone 4 and iPhone 4s

Currently, there are six types of iPhones which include iPhone, iPhone 3G, iPhone 3GS, iPhone 4, iPhone 4S and the recently launched iPhone 5. The IPhones were designed and manufactured by Apples and have dominated the mobile world. The six models differ considerably in feature with iPhone 5 having the most and best features. This paper contrasts the iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4s, which most people consider similar but they are considerably different in appearance and functionality.

Apple’s iPhone 4s was launched as a follow-up of the iPhone 4. IPhone 4s in thus considered an upgrade of iPhone 4. For some people the two phones are not different. However, the two phones differ in many ways. The main difference between iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4s is on the phone’s camera. The iPhone 4 had a 5MP camera while the new iPhone 4s has a camera with 8Mp, which is considered the best camera that a phone can have. Additionally, the iPhone 4S has an increased aperture which is f/2.4 as compared to the  f/2.8 aperture size in iPhone 4. The video of the iPhone 4s has also been improved as compared to that of the iPhone 4. The iPhone 4 could shoot in HD 720p while the iPhone 4S can shoot videos at HD1080p. Additionally, the iPhone 4s has added video stabilization ability as compared to iPhone 4 (Apples Web).

Another difference between iPhone 4 and iPhone 4s is on the storage. iPhone 4S has an internal storage capacity of 64GB. On the contrary, the iPhone 4 had an internal storage capacity of 32GB. Additionally, the iPhone 4S has a memory card slot expansion which is a feature lacking in previous iPhones including iPhone 4 (Apples Web). Additional difference between iPhone 4S and the iPhone 4 is on the antennae. The iPhones possess different number of antennae such that they can switch between the different antennae while calling. The iPhone 4 (GSM) has three antenna breaks while the iPhone 4S have four antennae. The iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S differ in appearance slightly. The iPhone 4s has an access panel and enclosed Micro SIM while the iPhone 4 (CDMA) lacks the access panel as well as the enclosed SIM card. Additionally, the iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S is the serial numbers which are located on the back(Apples Web).

An extra difference between iPhone 4S and the iPhone is on the internal processor. The iPhone 4S ha dual-core Apple A5 processor while the iPhone 4 has a single core A4 processor. Both iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S have 512 MB RAM. However, the iPhone 4S is two time faster than the iPhone 4. Additionally, the iPhone 4S has seven times better graphic performance as compared to the iPhone 4. The iPhone 4S has increased speed in all its performance as compared to the iPhone 4. Moreover, the internal appearances of the two iPhones differ considerably (Apples Web).An additional difference between iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S is on the battery life. Though the battery life of the two iPhone are almost similar, the iPhone 4S has an increased capacity battery. The iPhone 4S has a talk time of about 14 hours (2G) and 8 hours (3G). On the other hand, the iPhone 4 has a talk time of 2G and 7 hours on the 3G. Additionally, the iPhone 4S has a stand-by time of 200 hours while the iPhone 4 has a stand-by time of 300 hours on both 2G and 3G (Apples Web).

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