Skills Versus Traits and the Systems Perspective Skills Approach differs from Trait Theory because it focuses on an individuals skills and abilities versus an individuals traits. Although traits may be important for a leader in health care administration, skills also determine leadership effectiveness. Contemporary research has noted that an individual may garner skills and competencies from professional experiences. For example, a leaders skills derived from nonprofit experience securing funds for multiple low-funded health clinics may assist in developing valuable competencies in matters of negotiation and organization. From developed skills and competencies, an individual may gain a leadership position or emerge as an effective leader. For this Discussion, review the Resources, paying specific attention to the journal article by Morrow, Glenn, and Maben (2014). Reflect on skills and traits that might be necessary for leadership within a health care administration setting. Also, think about how traits and skills may relate to your personal health care administration leadership philosophy. ARTICLE: Morrow, E., Glenn, R., & Maben, J. (2014). Exploring the nature and impact of leadership on the local implementation of The Productive Ward Releasing Time to Care(TM). Journal of Health Organization and Management, 28(2), 154176. QUESTION 1:Finally, explain how each might relate to your personal health care administration leadership philosophy. Be specific and provide examples. Behavioral/Style Perspective to Leadership For this Discussion, select an article depicting a behavioral perspective to health care administration leadership. Think about particular strengths and limitations of this perspective. Consider how this perspective might relate to the Trait Theory or Skills Approach of leadership. QUESTION 2: Post a brief explanation of the behavioral perspective reflected in the article you selected. Then, explain the strengths and limitations of this perspective. Finally, explain how this perspective you selected relates to both Trait Theory and the Skills Approach. Current Events in Health Care Administration Leadership and the Fiedler Contingency Theory As pressures and demands for more standardized business structures fluctuate in society, health care administration leaders may experience challenges in developing consistent methods for solving health care administration problems. Though consistency may be necessary for enacting change, within many areas and localities, consistency may not be an option. As a result, a leader must be able to use a systems thinking approach to evaluate the best method for leadership contingent upon the circumstance. For this Discussion, select a current event related to health care administration and leadership not previously discussed in earlier weeks. With the event you selected, reflect on how you might apply Fiedlers Contingency Model. Consider the actions and interactions between leaders and subordinates with the application of this model. QUESTION 3: Post a brief description of the event you selected. Then, explain whether the leaders interaction with his or her subordinates was task-motivated or relationship-motivated. Justify your answer based on Fiedlers Contingency Model. Path-Goal and Situational Theories of Leadership There is no guarantee for success for any person in a leadership role. It is not uncommon for a leader who has met success in one leadership role and environment to encounter an experience where his or her leadership becomes ineffective. As a result of various factors within situations, success may not be tied to the style of the leader. Various factors might include the situational context in which leadership is applied or the level of member motivation. For example, in Situational Theory, a leader may be effective because his or her style of leadership fits the situation. A leader may also be effective because of his or her ability to motivate subordinates. As outlined in Path-Goal Theory, a leader removes obstacles and provides support to subordinates to achieve goals. For this Discussion, review the Learning Resources to consider the strengths and limitations of using the Path-Goal Theory of leadership in health care administration situations. Path-Goal Theory is widely debated in terms of its validity in leadership practices. As a result, for this Discussion, you must determine if you think Path-Goal is a valid theory of leadership. Then, think about how Path-Goal Theory compares to the Situational Approach Theory of leadership and consider an example of this comparison. QUESTION 4: Post a brief description of two strengths and two limitations of Path-Goal Theory as applied in the field of health care administration. Then, compare Path-Goal Theory to the Situational Approach Theory of leadership. Be specific. Finally, explain whether Path-Goal Theory is a valid theory of leadership. Justify your response. Building a Nest for Success: Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Social Network Theory A Chinese proverb states, In a broken nest, there are few whole eggs. Within an organization, broken professional relationships may result in damage to the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. For a leader, any crack or break in leadership may create future problems within the organization. With use of Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Social Network Theory, an effective leader may find that the creation of positive, professional relationships with subordinates is helpful in preventing breaks in relationships in order to guide an organization toward success. For this Discussion, reflect on the similarities and differences between Leader-Exchange Theory and Social Network Theory. Consider how you might integrate each theory into your own personal, unified leadership theory. Think about how you might use this theory in a health care administration scenario. QUESTION 5: Post a brief comparison between Leader-Member Exchange and Social Network Theory. Then, explain how you might apply Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Social Network Theory into your personal, unified leadership theory. Finally, relate this personal, unified theory to a health care administration scenario with which you are familiar. Be specific and provide examples. Leadership Perspectives: Transactional and Transformational Although often difficult to define, leadership presents a pivotal aspect in any organization. Over the course of history, various leaders have embodied characteristics and qualities that have proved effective and ineffective within various situations. For example, a health director of a small clinic might exhibit a different leadership perspective than a director of staff for an intensive care unit at a large hospital. Though characteristics and qualities may vary among leaders, their primary goals for followers and organizations may be similar. Understanding the most appropriate leadership perspective may impact your future leadership perspective in the field of health care administration. For this Discussion, review the resources for this week. Reflect on your understanding of the theories in relation to various situations. Additionally, consider how these theories relate to previous leadership perspectives of Trait Theory, Skills Approach, and behavioral perspective covered in this course. QUESTION 6: Post an explanation of how transformational leadership and transactional leadership relate to Trait Theory, Skills Approach, and behavior perspective. Then, explain under what circumstances a transformational leadership might be preferred and under what circumstances a transactional leadership might be preferred for the practice of health care administration. Provide an example and justify your response. Current Events in Health Care Administration Leadership: Servant Leadership Servant leadership is a valuable theory to enact change within society. From Gandhi to Martin Luther King, Jr., servant leadership highlights that a leaders greatness may depend upon the way in which the leader serves his or her subordinates. With servant leadership, a leader transforms into a guide or teacher for subordinates, in turn creating subordinate autonomy and ownership in work. As a leader, empowering your subordinates and cultivating a vested interest in work might be the most essential components to develop for effective, servant leadership. For this Discussion, select an event, not previously used in the course, which highlights techniques of servant leadership. For the event, consider whether or not the leadership techniques were effective. Also, consider the possibility of applying another leadership theory to the selected event. How may the outcomes change in relation to the application of a different leadership theory? QUESTION 7: Post a brief description of the event you selected. Then, explain whether servant leadership was the most effective leadership perspective in the event you selected. Justify your response. Finally, explain how event outcomes might have been different with another leadership perspective.
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