Mitigation of Earthquake Hazard

Research paper (Doctorate Level):
Earthquake Hazard Reduction in Iraq: Recommendations to decision makersAbstract:
The people of Iraq have experienced economic loses and stagnation consequent of the human and natural induced hazards (Humayun & Al-Abyadh 6). The 7.3 magnitude earthquake that hit the Iran and Iraq border in November 2017 is one of the deadliest seismic activity that was witnessed by the two Asian countries based on the tremendous destruction of property and loss of lives that was brought by the earthquake.The earthquake led to extensive damages on the Iraq side of the border especially in the town of Halabja where there was a high number of injuries as a result of the violent earthquake (Dehghan et al.). The earthquake brought about the disruption of normal operations in the towns close to the border where the earthquake occurred. There was a disruption of the power supply which left some of the emergency services helpless since nearby hospitals were unable to provide treatment of patients since there was a disruption of power to the facilities(Dehghan et al.). There was a level of confusion among specialists in the field of earth sciences since the quake did not adopt a typical, predictable characteristic since it did not occur along a known major fault as similar earthquakes of that magnitudeDisaster mitigation refers to a detailed guideline for all the actions taken before, during, and after the disaster to reduce its impact and intensify by facilitating recovery (Iwan 12). The first strategy of mitigation is the improvement of risk assessment. As such, the government should invest in scientific research, to identify the frequency, severity, and possibility of occurrence of an earthquake before it happens (Iwan 14). Technology should be mobilized to send forewarnings and mend the propagation and reaction to warnings (Aliev 2). Prior information prepares people for a prospective earthquake, thus reducing the impact of earthquakes (Iwan 15). For instance, if the people are informed beforehand, and they can vacate the threatened zone significantly reducing the mortality rate caused by the earthquake. The threatened area should be insured against catastrophic loss. This can be achieved through the formulation of a disaster policy that would reduce the risk arising from the disaster. Therefore, Iraq should invest in technology and scientific studies to identify and manage possible earthquake outbreaks in future (Aliev 12)The attached files could be very useful!
The paper should include the following chapters:
– Introduction
– Literature review
– Research design & methodology: (research design, Quantitative method, qualitative method, research validity and reliability)
– Project description & Data collection
– Data analysis & results disscusions
– Conclusions and recommendations

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