What motivates governments to intervene in trade policy? Address motivations as they apply to national politics, culture and economics.

Governments often intervene in trade policy for several reasons. Motives for government intervention may be political, cultural, or even economical. When a nations economy is inefficient and going through tough economic times, its government will try to influence international trade in order to maintain a trade surplus to accumulate financial wealth. Intervention may be necessary in order to promote strategic trade policy, or to protect industries that are young from competition. When industries are in their infancy stage they go through a learning stage. Governments will often intervene in order to protect worthy firms by allowing them time to mature and obtain the knowledge needed to become more competitive.
Some political reasons governments choose to intervene are to protect jobs, gain influence over other nations, combat unfair trade practices, or maintain national security. When the unemployment rate begins to rise to a rate that it is affecting a nations stability, a government will often get involved . Protection of national security by banning defense-related goods may be implemented. Governments will also threaten to close its ports in order to deter other countries from participating in unfair trade practices.
Governments also intervene for cultural reasons. One cultural motive for governmental intervention is to protect its nations identity. They do not want its culture influenced by other nations so they may block harmful imports. The United States is often seen as threat to local culture because we infiltrate many nations through trade and expose then to our way of life through our products, words and ideas. (Wild & Wild, 2016)

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