Write a response to each summary and keep them separate. Also 1 APA citation for each.
Response 1 – MEAD 3 STAGES (Respond in 100 words)
According to Mead, the socialization process involves three distinct stages: the Imitation stage, the Play stage, the Game Stage and the Generalized Other Stage (Rizter, 2011). Despite where, when, or how your childhood, everybody goes through these stages. Reflecting back, I remember going through the imitation (play) stage. I often use to play Ã¢â‚¬Å“warÃ¢â‚¬Â, where I and others would chase each other around the neighborhood with fake guns. Eventually, my attitudes developed into the Game Stage. In the Game Stage I had to take the role of everyone else involved in the game (Rizter, 2011). An example coming to mind is the game of football, often played in the back yard or at the neighborhood park. Here, I had to be able to adopt and understand the roles of defensive and offensive players. It is here my personality began to emerge, at least from MeadÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s theory. I didnÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t like being on defense, I always found it more exciting when our team had possession of the ball. The game of football evolved into Generalized Other; the attitude of entire community (team) (Rizter, 2011). This is best explained by mentioning the trash talk on the field. I (we), often adapted to the attitude of our team. Although generic in description I think we can all identify with the developmental stages outlined by Mead. In our ever increasing complex society there are other factors involved in our development, mostly the social institutions of economy, religion, politics, and family.
Rizter, G. (2011). Classic Sociological Theory. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
Response 2 – The Act and stages(Respond in 100 words)
According to Mead, there are four distinct stages in what he calls Ã¢â‚¬Å“the act.Ã¢â‚¬Â These stages are Impulse, Perception, Manipulation, and Consummation. Provide examples that describe how you have experienced each stage. In addition, what does Mead mean by the term Ã¢â‚¬Å“gestures?Ã¢â‚¬Â How do you use gestures? Provide examples.
The first stage is impulse. Ritzer explains impulse as Ã¢â‚¬Å“the actorÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s reaction to the stimulation, the need to do something about it.Ã¢â‚¬Â (Rizer, 2011, p. 424) In life we all experience impulses. In life I have acted on impulse especially when I am buying something. By this I mean I bought something without thinking about it. I did not consider if I needed the item or if I had the money to buy the item. My impulse decision was that I needed the item.
The second stage is perception. Meade describes this stage as the stage in which the Ã¢â‚¬Å“actor searches for, reacts to stimuli that relate to the impulse.Ã¢â‚¬Â (Ritzer, 2011, p. 425) An example of this would be the thought behind the decision. Using our senses such as hearing, taste and smell we dictate our decision. For example if I did not like the way something smells I would not eat it based upon the smell.
The third stage is manipulation. This is the stage where we take the action. In this stage we will examine what we are about to do. For example when I go through the drive thru at McDonaldÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s I will examine the food to make sure that it is what I ordered and how I like it before I take the action to eat it.
The fourth and final stage is Consummation. This stage is the action that we take to satisfy the impulse. (Ritzer, 2011, p. 425) Using the same example, in this stage I would eat the hamburger after examining to satisfy my impulse craving for the food.
To Meade a gesture is Ã¢â‚¬Å“the basic mechanism in the social action and social process. (Rizter, 2011, p. 426) There are two different types of gestures which are significant and non significant. Gestures are what we signal to other people. For example if someone is attracted to another person they will use gestures such as winking, blowing a kiss or even staring at the person. The other person in return will react in another way using the same or different gestures.
Ritzer, G. (2011) Classical Sociological Theory. New York: McGraw- Hill.
Response 3 – Perceived Obsolescence Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Communication (Respond in 100 words)
What is perceived obsolescence?
This is when we (the consumers) are made to think that what we have needs to be thrown away and replaced with something new.
I believe that this information essentially tells us that we (as an overall American society) will never be happy with we have. Individually, we can each make up our own minds and choose to be happy or not with our stuff. However, items we purchase, use, and/or showcase on a daily basis are constantly being changed, upgraded, or no longer in style and the advertisements ensure to reinforce this concept. For example, the latest and greatest means of communication change (i.e. cell phone, IPod, IPad, etc.) and it seems as though the advertisements are endless. I used to wonder where all of the e-waste was going. Ã¢â‚¬Å“According to the US EPA, more than 4.6 million tons of e-waste ended up in US landfills in 2000. Toxic chemicals in electronics products can leach into the land over time or are released into the atmosphere, impacting nearby communities and the environment.Ã¢â‚¬Â (The Website for Greenpeace, 2000). Our place in the future of the world is questionable unless more is done to cut down on the waste such as re-using the phones (give to troops deployed or re-program them for the elderly to call 911), recycle (i.e. Best Buys has a recycle bin in their entryway), or reduce the number of times of going to the store and buying a new phone (i.e. keep your phone until at least when your contract runs out).
This means a lot to me personally. I normally keep my electronics until they are no longer useful (planned obsolescence), however this keeps us (as a family) from wasting our money and contributing to the waste. My cell phone works just fine for the entire 2-year contact (and most times longer). Sometimes, my co-workers laugh at what I have because itÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s not the touch-screen, smart phone, with a million apps loaded, but IÃ¢â‚¬â„¢m happy with it.
Priggen, C. (Producer), & Fox, L. (Director). (2007). The story of stuff [Motion picture]. United States: Free Range Studios.
Greenpeace International. (2009). Where does e-waste end up? Retrieved on April 21, 2011, from http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/toxics/electronics/the-e-waste-problem/where-does-e-waste-end-up/
Response 4 – Respond in 100 words)
What percentage of the purchased products is still in use 6 month after purchase?
The story of stuff just corroborate that we are not stronger enough, that we always bought unnecessary things. The marketing pushes us toward a giant hole in which we buried our money and where we put our future in risk.
If we continue in the same path, we are going to find a lot of troubles and not solutions, we need to forget that stupid rule that says that to find a good balance in our national economy, we need to spend all our money doing shopping to support our country.
What happen if the country is suppose to support us because our personal economy has a problem? I bet you guys our credit score will be coming down and nobody is going to help us, or just try to talk with the bank and explain to them that you spend all your money doing shopping to support your country and that for reason you canÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t pay your bill. Their answer will be Ã¢â‚¬Å“that is your problemÃ¢â‚¬Â thank you for support the country but you have to pay now, your due balance plus your late fees.
Ask yourself if you want continue supporting and living the effect of the Sustainability.
In my particular case sustainability affect me because in your cycle of life you feel the pressure and the competence so what you do as a reaction spend your money because you donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t want to be less or anybody. To avoid sustainability just apply one of the ten things that we are suppose to do, unplug the TV and unplug the internet, so in that way we donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t know anything about marketing and cool things and keep your money for important stuff.
Priggen, C. (Producer), & Fox, L. (Director). (2007). The story of stuff [Motion picture]. United States: Free Range Studios.
Ruth A. Schmidt, Fiona Sturrock, Philippa Ward, Gaynor Lea-Greenwood, (1999) “Deshopping Ã¢â‚¬â€œ the art of illicit consumption”, International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 27 Iss: 8, pp.290 – 301
Response 5 – (Respond in 75 words)
Bailey, R.. “Cyberwar Is Harder Than It Looks. ” Reason 1 May 2011: Research Library, ProQuest. Web. 20 Apr. 2011.
Cyber warfare has become an increasing threat. The Government has started to realize that terrorists have begun to target computer controlled relay stations that control city resources. In recent articles, people have started to understand how much their quality of life is run by computers from water pumping stations to traffic control.
“In May 2009, the administration issued its Cyberspace Policy Review, which described threats to the Internet as “one of die most serious economic and national security challenges of the 21st Century.”(Bailey)
In the near future, millions of dollars will be spent in order to secure the populations cyber way of life. Government officials feel this will not be enough. ” University of Toronto cyberwarfare expert Ronald Deibert writes in the January /February 20II Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. “There is a lot of redundancy in the networks; it’s not a simple thing to turn off the power grid.” Although as technology grows the cyber threat grows as well.
Recently the world saw how easy it was to disrupt civilization. with the Egypt uprising, communications and basic resources were halted while the protests continued quickly slipping the country into further chaos. This was accomplished with disrupting the power grid controlling the city.
Full on cyber warfare is started from hacking, espionage and malware. As the treat increases, the company’s charged to protect the people must adapt to stay current on technology. Cyber war is a never ending, constantly growing threat.
Response 6 – (Respond in 75 words)
One of the most interesting careers and area of study, in college, is the field of psychology. From normal to abnormal the field is as wide as it is unique. One of the newer concentrations in the field is coaching psychology. This academic sub-discipline was first taught in 2000 at the University of Sydney in Australia (Grant 1). In this form of psychology, the physiologist Ã¢â‚¬Å“coachesÃ¢â‚¬Â the client to good life choices. People who employ this method rely on the client to understand and accept the consequences of the choices that they have made. The British Psychological SocietyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Special Group in Coaching Psychology (BPSSGCP) define Coaching Psychology as a system used to enhance the well being and performance in oneÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s personal life of work domain (Law 24). Coaching employees or clients to a good decision empowers that person and gives a sense of accomplishment. It, in turn, shows the subject that they hold the ability to decide what is best for the company or themselves within and do not need to be told.
With the recent development of this field there is a little debate as to the base to teach coaching psychology as a sub-discipline.
Ã¢â‚¬Å“Ã¢â‚¬Â¦.Australian Psychological Society and the British Psychological Society definitions of coaching psychology it is proposed that the following areas should form the core of an education in coaching psychology; an evidence-based approach to practice; ethical principles; professional models of practice; mental health issues in coaching; cognitive-behavioral theory as applied to coaching; goal theory; change theory; systemic theory as applied to coaching (including group process and organizational applications); core applied coaching skills and their application to skills, performance, developmental and remedial coaching; and applications of coaching psychology to specialized areas of practice such as executive coaching, workplace coaching, health coaching, life coaching, and peak performance coaching, in addition to non-core specialist areas of theory such as applied positive psychology, solution-focused approaches, cognitive-developmental, narrative, psychodynamic and Gestalt approaches. Coaching psychology as a psychological sub-discipline well on the way to developing a coherent area of research and practice. It now needs to develop and formalize a body of teachable knowledge that can sustain and advance this new area of behavioral science.Ã¢â‚¬Â (Grant 85).
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