“Projects are a smaller version of the larger organization and thus have similar fundamental design principles.” Agree or Disagree and support your conclusion.
10th, January 2013
An organization is a larger body consisting of a group of humans working together to achieve a common goal. The driving force behind the operations of an organization is therefore, the goals and objectives it aims to achieve. An organization is likely to fail if it lacks a defined purpose. On the other hand, a project is an endeavor that is not permanent, as it has fixed dates it begins and the dates it is to end, after accomplishment. Projects, just like organizations are also meant for specific goals, which must be accomplished by their end-dates (Harrington, 2006).
The main difference between projects and organizations lies in their size, as projects are smaller than organizations. In addition, organizations are permanent, while projects are temporary. Therefore, projects are a representation of the larger organizations, as they both exhibit similar processes and design principles.
Both projects and organizations are unique as no project or organization can fully resemble another. In organizations and projects, a group of people, who ensure that the objectives of the project or organization are met, form a team that works together. Additionally, for organizations and projects to succeed, they require skills, techniques, knowledge, and tools, which are all provided by the employees in both cases, ensuring the attainment of objectives.
Both elements also have a fixed budget, which helps in the sustenance of their operations. The resources of organizations and projects are limited, hence the need for them to ensure a reliable supply of resources, on exhaustion of the ones at hand. All projects have sponsors, who are responsible for guiding the processes of the project and ensuring achievement of the project’s objectives. Most organizations too have sponsors who perform similar roles (Harrington, 2006).
There is a great extent of resemblance between the management of a project and organizational management. For the achievement of organization’s objectives, there must be processes and management systems for success of the organization. In organizational management, important pillars include planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
In both cases, there is a management team, which is responsible for controlling and overseeing operations involved. Finally, projects and organizations go through similar processes of planning, execution, and control (Harrington, 2006).
In conclusion, it is agreeable that projects are a smaller version of the larger organization, because of the greater extent of similarities they exhibit in their fundamental design principles. Apart from the major difference in the longevity of projects and organizations, these two show similarities in the case of having a defined purpose, being operated by people, similarities in operations and management, as well as their utilization of resources, skills, and knowledge. The size difference between the two emphasizes the fact that projects are a representation of the larger organizations.
Harrington, J. (2006). “Project Management Excellence: The Art of Excelling in Project
Management.” New York: Paton Professional.
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