HS 1113 Principles of Pharmacology

Pharmacologic Study


The following list of medications is for an 80 year old female who lives alone and is responsible for her medications. Her medical history includes type II diabetes, congestive heart failure, hypothyroidism, hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, constipation, peptic ulcer disease, depression and a current respiratory tract infection.


Your assignment is to give the following on each medication:


  • Trade and generic names
  • Usual dosage
  • Mechanism of action / Purpose for patient
  • Common side effects
  • At least 5 teaching points for each medication



Lasix 40 mg twice daily

Potassium Chloride 10 mequiv twice daily

Lanoxin 0.125mg daily

Synthroid 50 mcg daily

Lisinopril 5 mg daily

Lopressor 50 mg daily

Metformin 500 mg with meals

Coumadin 5 mg daily

Prednisone 10 mg twice a day

Colace 100 mg daily

Zantac 150 mg at bedtime

Levaquin 500mg every day for 7 days

Zoloft 25 mg at bedtime

Zocor 10 mg at bedtime



As needed:

Regular Insulin (dose based on blood sugar)

Lortab 7.5 every 6 hours

Phenergan 25 mg

Ibuprofen 400 mg every 8 hours

Metamucil 1-2 tsp in 8 ounces of water




Also answer the questions on page 2


  1. What is the therapeutic range for digoxin? What are signs of toxicity?


  1. Why is the patient taking potassium?



  1. The patient wants to know why her physician is going to taper her off the prednisone slowly. How will you explain this?


  1. The patient is going to have a radiology study with IV contrast dye, which medication should be withheld for 48 hours prior and why?



  1. Since the patient is on Coumadin, PT and INR results are monitored. Explain what these test monitor. What should the INR be for a patient on Coumadin therapy?



Cite all sources used




Use the order calculator below and get started! Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry.