Marriage- sharing the Load
It is argued that quality relations in marriages today depend on sharing domestic work between the couple. During the early 1960s, women only found minor positions in organizations such as secretaries, but this required young, single, and beautiful women. Married women were not hired, and psychiatrists warned that if married women were allowed to earn their own income, then marriage would be strained. This belief was intense to the point that people believed that women should be subordinate as this was a feminine feature. It was not taken as illegal for a man to rape his wife. In 1963, there was light as women were urged to look for work outside the home. However, there was the question on the effect on marriage as educated women were seen as a threat to the stability of marriage. This was, however, challenged around the 1980s as more females joined the workforce and women’s movement challenged the earlier inequalities at home and in the job. The divorce levels started to fall.
Education is now seen as a must for marriage as the negative implications on marriage have been proven wrong. The selection studies by Whelan’s mate showed that men look for career and educated women for marriage partners than during the earlier times. The effect of independence tends to increase the quality and stability of marriage. In 1963, housewives were not entitled to any of their husband’s property in case they divorced. The pressure on men to take on home responsibilities was started by working women. This is good for children as they get to spend adequate time with both parents and good for couples too. This is, however, affected by differences in ethnic and racial status, values, income and occupation.
Women’s movement into paid work has had a positive impact on marital satisfaction. This has changed the earlier feminine mystique but not completely. The masculine mystique has caused some men to decline sharing of domestic chores as they feel threatened. However, those with positive attitudes even embrace the gender equality. The challenges to equality between genders could be curbed by establishing ways of allowing women and men to combine, integrate, and at times to alternate their roles in the family and the labor force.
It may be surprising that a significant number of households in the United States of America are headed by single women. Most of these women may be working, but earn lower incomes to cater for the household necessities. Becoming or being an unmarried woman implies higher economic vulnerability and economic control over the few resources she owns, creating a lot of hardships but also personal independence. This has made the institution of marriage become an institution for the advantaged or privileged. There is, therefore, a need for policies and programs to reflect on this issue as the number of unmarried women is considerably on the increase.
It is essential to note that a lot of people in America recognize that women must earn an income or a living just like men. This creates satisfaction in an honest day’s job. This is because there are no longer debates on whether women should work. This is evident in the half number of women in the U.S. workers. In addition, workplaces are starting to change and are allowing workers to earn income and still perform their family responsibilities. The number of educated women is higher than ever before, and institutions such as the religious ones provide accommodation for women. This has made women be able to make quality decisions on their own. Men wish to be present as fathers in the family, thereby increasing their responsibility at home.
The independence of women is represented even in immigrant mothers who courageously care for their families while at the same time working double shifts to provide education to their children and are also focused on upward mobility. This creates the implication that femaleness is about determination and dynamism. In the modern world, women can do anything they want just like men. To maintain this, policies that honor individuals’ ideals for their lives and assist their human rights such as economic stability, safe conditions of working, quality health care, economic stability, and time with family and society at large are necessary. Some of the organizations that have played a significant role in championing for shared responsibilities include labor unions. This has led to more gender balanced responsibility and leadership in the State. Additionally, women movements cannot be left behind in discussing this issue.
Individuals should envision the more humane, equitable, and balances nation that they want to live in irrespective of their gender and fight hard to make it a reality. This can reform the government, workplace, and social institutions, but this requires a change in personal expectations to focus on the interest of everyone. These reforms are essential as they assist in quality and healthier decision making. In addition, the country’s ideas and opinions on leadership will also continue to emerge as the role of both parents as balanced between the family and the workplace. Balance in new ways of living and working improves individuals’ capacity at all levels. This is enabled by the leaders at the highest levels who fundamentally and symbolically assist individuals, both men and women in their search for meeting the responsibilities at work and at home.
The role of women is highly recognized in transforming the nation, both economically and socially. Research shows fundamental alignment between both genders in terms of what they believe about one another and what they want in life. Men are comfortable with their wives working outside the home as compared to earlier decades. This has given room for negotiations. Despite the sharing of responsibilities, most women have much burden in caring for their children than men. Most Americans believe that things have changed in work and living and are looking to their employers and the government to also embrace the same. Americans perceive the increase of women in the workforce as good for society, most men and women on most goals in life. Couples are happy with their relationships and marriages during the new era. Although there exist a few challenges, it is noted that individuals in America wish for a better equilibrium between life and work. This implies that they are now embracing the sharing of household responsibilities. A significant majority support changes in policy to improve life-work balance. This has to do with education and the effect of the modern woman. There are no longer responsibilities categorized as belonging to this or that gender.
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