Global Health Policies
Health is an important human right, and every person is entitled to the access of quality health services. This is necessary for the economic and social development of any country. People have a right to participate in health decisions in their countries. However, despite advances in medicine and improvements in nutrition, sanitation, and education, more countries today continue to deal with effects of poor health. Mortality rates from different diseases are still high, especially in the developing countries. I will address the global health policy from different perspectives, and determine if they have been effective.
In 1978, the Alma-Ata declaration developed a global policy for health, which was to be realized by the year 2000. In this global policy, a universal primary health care system based on acceptable and practical methods was adopted. This was to involve the people and be affordable in different countries. This was adopted by most countries, except some capitalistic countries. In developing countries, this was faced with a number of obstacles, including political instability, poor economy, and emerging diseases.
WHO is a major player in implementing the Alma Ata declaration. The development of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) helped in propagation of global policy. Today, different studies show that a health system comprising primary care is likely to deliver better health care. However, it is impossible for one heath policy to apply to the whole world. This is because of the difficulty in formulating uniform health interventions, which target a great number of people and different key groups with varying risk factors. These also live in different environments. Maternal and child health are critical in the global policy. Cost-effective interventions were identified, but the evidence on how these could reach the vulnerable groups was not established. Generally, the Alma Ata declaration is an unfinished business. However, it has been influential in responding to dynamic health issues across the globe, and so is a potential for health developments.
The World Health Organization has a global policy of improving the quality of health, developing healthy lifestyles for all people, alleviating health risks, and being responsive to the determinants of health involved. The WHO public policies of health are age-and gender-sensitive, which will facilitate the empowerment of communities, self-care, and health protection, while cooperating with its different partners. On biological weapons, the international community has not been effective in deterring this issue. The main global legal instruments in biosecurity are 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1972 Biological Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). However, these are ineffective and flawed. The WHO’s Global Outbreak and Response Network (GOARN) is responsible for international detection and warning against strange diseases which may come as a result of biological weapons. The adoption of a global policy is vital.
The MDGs have spurred the development of different health initiatives designed to lower the mortality rates from different diseases. Notable reductions in child mortality are evident since the end of the 20th Century. The main factors impeding the effectiveness of global policy are; the weak national economic structures of some countries, and lack of cooperation from other countries (Black, Morris and Bryce 2226).
In conclusion, more needs to be done to coordinate efforts and corporation from different countries. This way, coherence in global health will be realized. The WHO in its centralized forums should clarify its health global priorities, allocate more time to health issues, and attach more accountability to the Non-Governmental organizations it funds, as well as improve the supervision of global initiatives of health.
Black, Robert, Morris, Saul, and Bryce, Jennifer. “Where and why are 10 million children dying
every year?” The Lancet Vol 361 (June 28, 2003): 2226-2234.
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