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Geographical location of Singapore
The Republic of Singapore is located at the southernmost tilt of the Peninsular Malaysia that lies to the North of the Equator. The country is about 80 miles north of the equator as shown below.
Retrieved from: http://www.travel-guider.com/singapore.html/singapore_map
The Singapore Territory comprises of the island of Singapore with fifty-eight islets that people inhabit. Usually, Singapore is hot and humid with temperature never dropping beneath 20°C (68°F). There is high humidity, which amount to over 75% mark and it get hot and hotter throughout the year. The country encounters various environment impacts, which tends to connect to the earth systems. The three-earth system includes the atmosphere, biosphere, and the hydrosphere. The Singapore atmosphere is illustrated by uniform pressure and temperature and high humidity. It is significant to note that, this atmosphere attracts strong sunshine and light wind, which in turn, creates room for air pollution. Although the place attracts a number of tourists because of the strong sunshine that best creates a flourishing time to be in the beach, environmental issues such as air pollution continues to affect the country at a high rate because of its’ atmosphere. Still, the country has a lot of burning fossil fuel generated from industries such as power stations and oil refineries that in turn, augment air pollution as indicated below.
Retrieved from: http://www.google.co.ke/imgres?imgurl=http://barangaysingapore.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/10-20-2010-9-37-35-PM_thumb.jpg&imgrefurl=http://barangaysingapore.com/events/annual-air-pollution/&usg=__9yjez50xB5qnFbLLSElAHGsf988=&h=480&w=640&sz=50&hl=en&start=4&zoom=1&tbnid=LmMGYZsiYTLTEM:&tbnh=103&tbnw=137&ei=RrGXT9SXBcK3hQet0ZWYBg&um=1&itbs=1
In the above diagram, the main pollutants are carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, sulphur dioxide, ozone, and hydrocarbons.
The country’s biosphere augments pollution as the country consists of island and some islets in its territorial waters. The country much consumes waste products from industries, and as a result, the country faces problems with waste products disposed in the land. The country’s hydrosphere contributes to environmental issues in the sense that, sedimentary rocks dominate most parts of the country. The country has no natural lakes, and although there are reservoirs, this attracts air pollution as most land consists of rocks.
There have been serious environmental, economic, and health impact on this region as the country faces industrial pollution as shown below.
Retrieved from: http://www.google.co.ke/imgres?imgurl=http://www.postcolonialweb.org/singapore/images/environ/sky1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.postcolonialweb.org/singapore/geography/pollution.html&usg=__HYTdUthJOHDI2Ep6KYqnXePebfY=&h=360&w=559&sz=31&hl=en&start=3&zoom=1&tbnid=TgzGcK0SDj8qUM:&tbnh=86&tbnw=133&ei=RrGXT9SXBcK3hQet0ZWYBg&um=1&itbs=1
According to Haerens (17), the country has worked closely with neighboring countries to deal with the haze problem. In Singapore, there are measures adopted to control air pollution such as minimizing emissions and the impact of the residual pollution from the sites industries. This regulated under the environmental pollution control act and subsidiary regulations. Some of the enforcement measures put in place includes assessing and evaluating the pollution impact from the industries. This inspection ensures that pollution is eradicated from gaseous emissions whereby the country obligates companies to comply to air emission standards. The country monitors its air quality through telemetric air quality linked to the central control system through telephone lines. These stations monitor both the roadside and ambient air quality. To some extent, this environmental issue is not fully sustainable for it lacks adequate stations monitoring air quality. In this context, the country should have adequate stations that monitor air quality in all regions. The economic implication is that, the country should spend more resources to add stations for air pollution sustainability.
The consumption patterns of Singapore is of a major concern in that, the country consumes over 2.6 million waste products every year, in which 90% is incinerated and disposed in the land. As a result, the country faces problems with incineration and waste ash disposed in the land. The wasteful consumption patterns also diminish and exploit natural resources, and still contribute to land, water, and air pollution. Explain the complete cycle and the role of consumption. Following this, the country has established the need for recycling in effort to eradicate waste output. This includes recycling glass, aluminum cans, plastic made from the non-renewable fossil fuel, plastic bags, and electronic equipment that contain toxic materials (Strauss 10).
This topic relates to environmental science in that, environmental scientists work closely on pollution mitigation and control. The environmental issues include interaction of chemical, biological, and physical processes, which are the key analysis of the environmental problems. Taking close of air pollution in Singapore, the country takes a holistic approach to waste consumption, air pollutants such as oil industries and refineries, and mobile sources like motor vehicles. Therefore, this subject is paramount for it relates to the topics of environmental science.
In my opinion, Singapore should take holistic approach to involve all the stakeholders such as public and industries to participate in environment protection effort. Air pollution is a growing problem in that, in 1992, Cleary (20) argues that, the country was among nations with the highest levels of carbon dioxide emissions that poses serious environmental, economic, and health on the region. With this in mind, the country should work closely with countries to implement ways that enhance environmental protection. The worldview of this is that, the country needs intervention in air sustainability, which failure would lead to severe problems such as health, economic, and environment issues. In this regard, this imposes the need to invite people from different regions who will work closely with country in environment protection. To sum up, this paper explores how air pollution is a major concern in Singapore.
Cleary, Graham J. Air Pollution Control: Preliminary Assessment of Air Pollution in Singapore. Singapore: Printed by the Govt. Print. Off.; to be purchased from the Government Publications Bureau, 1971. Print.
Haerens, Margaret. Air Pollution. Detroit: Greenhaven Press/Gale Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
Strauss, Werner. Air Pollution in Singapore: A Report. Canberra: s.n., 1970. Print.
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