Explain what is right and wrong with the following statement: “Most TNCs invest in less developed countries because of the low wages that they can pay there.”
Communication is an important aspect of human interaction, and therefore, any person participating in communication must ensure that they do this in the most appropriate way to ensure that their message is passed across and is understood by their recipients. If communication is performed in an effective manner, there will be cases of misinterpretation of information, and lack of understanding of the message will be unheard of. Communication can take different forms, including spoken or written, with an intention of addressing an audience or readers. Communication through a speech is oral and addresses an audience in order to convey information. This like any other communication form has regulations and guidelines that should be followed to ensure information is passed to the audience and understood clearly (Neale & Bowers 2004).
The above sentence is right and wrong at the same time. Considering the aspect of grammar, the sentence has utilized the appropriate grammatical elements. These include the use of tenses and spellings of words. However, there is something wrong with the above sentence, as it is not well structured. First, there is an element of ambiguity in the sentence. Ambiguity happens when a sentence, word, or phrase can be understood in more than one sense. This sentence therefore exhibits a type of ambiguity known as structural ambiguity as the whole sentence depicts more than one meaning. In as much as ambiguity is a crucial function in language, it forms a basis for misinterpretations in communication. This is because of the complexity ambiguity presents in language, which leads to different people to understand information differently, which could be in the wrong way (Cornbleet & Carter 2001).In this statement, the final part “. . . because of the low wages they can pay there,” is quite ambiguous. The pronoun “they” does not give a clear distinction of what element is being referred to. Therefore, a listener may assume this pronoun refers to the TNC’s, while another listener may think it refers to the less developed countries.
Another wrong thing with this statement is the aspect of generalization, which is adopted. In generalization, the speaker uses one phrase to describe a group of people, events, ideas, places, or things. They do this instead of providing an independent description of a specific thing. Therefore, this imposes on the affected phenomenon characteristics that may not apply to them (Neale & Bowers 2004). In this statement, it would have been better if the speaker mentioned some of the specific TNC’s they are referring to. This would be crucial, considering this is a negative element of TNC’s, which they are addressing, the exploitation of the developing countries by TNC’s. Therefore, since generalizations target groups, this statement has used the word “most” to mean “many” TNC’s, which is a large group. This is a case of lack of facts. It seems the speaker does not have any valid facts to explain this phenomenon. Such a situation results in invalid information, which may be disregarded by the audience, due to failure of basing the information on facts.
From this explanation, it emerges that in speech and presentations, appropriate use of language is mandatory. This is an element of writing, which the writer has immense control over. The language should be straightforward and portray simplicity, such that individuals who are not fluent in the language can easily get the information being passed across. Another important aspect depicted in this case is the aspect of clarity. Clarity is essential in speeches and presentation as it ensures the audience understand the information easily, thus preventing misinterpretation of the message being passed across. Clarity ensures that the information is structured in an organized manner, which makes understanding easy. In the statement, the writer disregarded logic in the presentation of his idea in the sentence (Neale & Bowers 2004).
Cornbleet, S. & Carter, R 2001, The Language of Speech and Writing, London, Routledge.
Neale, T. & Bowers, J 2004, Speechwriting in Perspective: A Brief Guide to Effective, New
York, Nova Publishers.
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