Energy Generation







Energy Generation

There are various types of energy produced in Saudi Arabia and Japan. The types of energy produced in these countries include solar energy, electricity generation, geothermal power generation, natural gas and other renewable energy production. Japan is ranked as the third countries across the globe that is leading in electricity production. Electricity generation is the method of producing electric energy using other energy forms. Electricity is used for various purposes such as lubricating oil, transportation sector, residential and in other numerous uses. Another form of energy produces is natural gas in Saudi Arabia. It is the fourth largest nation leading in natural gas production as a source of energy across the globe. Saudi Arabia has many reserves for natural gas, and it is the largest producer and exporter of petroleum oil. The natural gas is used for various activities, and the country is the largest oil consumer especially in the Middle East due to economic and industrial development.

Japan and Saudi Arabia have high generating capability and more energy consumption rate. For instance, in 2008, Japan generated 1.025* 1012 KWh in the same year (Stiebler, 2008). However, the generation capability has increased tremendously in the year 2010, and the analysts projected that, by the year 2015, Japan would be the leading in electricity production globally. Electricity in Japan is somewhat expensive when compared to other nations. The consumption rate is high especially in industrial use because Japan has many industries thus high consumption rate in industries than in any other sectors. It is approximated that the average per capita of electricity consumption is 8,458 Kilowatt per person. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has high generation capability of natural gas. They produce over 240 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. Saudi Arabia has many oil fields, Ghawar being the largest oil field across the globe. They are the primary consumers of natural gas, and the remaining is exported to different countries across the globe. The natural gas is used in industrial sectors, commercial and for domestic purposes. The government of Saudi Arabia is now trying to open more fields as well introduces better strategies in natural gas production in order to increase the production capacity. Moreover, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which is one of the intergovernmental organizations, has helped the Arabians in price control and modernizing market for the oil production.

There are diverse methods employed in transforming energy forms into electrical energy in Japan. One of the methods is electromagnetic induction. This is whereby an electrical generator or alternator alters energy in motion into electricity. This method of generating electricity energy is based on the law of Michael Faraday. The method simply experimented through rotating a magnet within the closed loops of a conducting material (Stiebler, 2008). Another method used is the thermoelectric effect, which involves direct temperature conversion to electricity. Additionally, electrochemistry method is used in generating electricity in Japan. This method involves direct conversion of electricity from chemical energy. The last method used is static electricity, which involves physical separation of energy as well as charge transportation such as triboelectric effect thus producing electric energy. Static electricity method is still used as a modern device especially the MHD generators. The charge transporters are transported physically to a position of electric potential.

The methods employed in natural gas production in Saudi Arabia are diverse. One of the methods of natural gas production is through mining. This is whereby sensors and mining apparatus are used especially the Davy lamp is used in order to avoid ignition sources. A mine gas treating method is used in large-scale industries in gas production process to remove components of acidic gaseous. Hydrogen sulfide is removed from the natural gas because it is acidic. Another method used in extraction using hydraulic fracturing. This process involves chemical combination varying from toxic to harmless in order to force the gas onto the surface from the reservoirs (Green, 2003). However, due to environmental health and safety awareness, this method has been banned in some countries because of the impact it causes to the environment. This is because gas extraction leads to pressure decrease in the reservoirs contributing to subsiding or sinking of the ground.

Energy generation contributes to varied environmental consequences depending on the method used in extracting or generating energy. Pollutants and greenhouse emissions from fossil fuels used in generating electricity and extraction method of natural gas contributes to environmental problems. Emission transportation during electricity generation contributes to increased carbon dioxide in the environment. Extraction method used during the mining process of natural gas may lead to sinking of the ground. Thus, the governments in the two countries have raised environmental awareness. This has been done through ensuring that the environmental laws and regulations are properly followed during energy generation process. Moreover, environmental education is carried out by environmental bodies such as National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). These environmental bodies try to raise environmental awareness in Japan and Saudi Arabia through creating laws as well as educating industries generating energy to protect and conserve the biodiversity.

In conclusion, some of the recommendations provided about energy generation and use in Japan and Saudi Arabia are varied. First, it is recommendable that clear energy generation method should be followed in order to increase energy production while maintaining sustainability in the environment. Additionally, there should be clear methods that should be followed in energy production in order to increase the output. For instance, the government in Saudi Arabia has banned extraction method of natural gas because it contributes to environmental consequences. The Saudi Arabia government has a strategic vision of increasing production capacity. This is through opening up more oil fields and conducting extra drilling at the existing oil fields. Lastly, some electricity generation in Japan such as the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPC), which is the world’s largest electricity production have tried to increase its production capacity. This has been made possible through employing vital methods of power production that leads to increased production and power supply across the globe.

Mind Map




Green, M. A. (2003). Third generation photovoltaics: Advanced solar energy conversion. Berlin:


Stiebler, M. (2008). Wind energy systems for electric power generation. Berlin: Springer.

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