Discuss the origins of psychology

Assignment Overview This reaction and response assignment explores key milestones in the field of psychology. Deliverables Summary of key milestones in the field of psychology Step 1 Choose two days of the year, one being your birthday. Step 2 Access the following website. Today in History Step 3 Identify the historical events in the field of psychology that happened on your chosen dates. Enter each of the two dates you selected from Step 1 into the date search boxes on the website. Step 4 Summarize the key events for each date. Write a summary of the key events in the field of psychology for each date you selected. On July 22: 1784 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel was born. Bessel was an astronomer made curious by the circumstances of David Kinnebrook’s dismissal at the Greenwich Observatory. He found that Kinnebrook’s errors were caused by differences in individual reaction times. This began the search for the “personal equation” and the study of individual differences. 1822 Gregor Johann Mendel was born. Mendel founded modern genetics, providing psychology with a mechanism to explain and predict the biological transmission of physical characteristics affecting behavior. 1852 Henry R. Marshall was born. Marshall was an architect by profession but his work in aesthetics, emotion, consciousness, and instinct allied him to early American psychologists. APA President, 1907. 1881 Augusta Fox Bronner was born. Bronner and her husband, William Healy, were instrumental in founding the first child guidance clinic, the Juvenile Psychopathic Institute, in Chicago in 1909. 1918 Max Siegel was born. Siegel’s career in private practice as a clinical psychologist was accompanied by highly respected teaching and administration in clinical psychology and school psychology. His concern for professional standards of licensure and confidentiality led to political activism. APA President, 1983. 1919 Beatrice Cates Lacey was born. Lacey’s research, with John I. Lacey, has integrated neurophysiological and psychophysiological events and theories. The relation between cardiovascular activity, attention, and sensorimotor activity has been the proving ground of their theories. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1976; American Psychological Foundation Psychological Science Gold Medal, 1985. 1924 Frank A. Logan was born. Logan has done extensive work in learning, focusing on discrimination learning and the effects of variable amounts of reinforcement on response choice and strength. 1936 B. F. Skinner met his future wife, Yvonne Blue, on this day. 1938 Robert S. Woodworth wrote the foreword to the first edition of his classic text, Experimental Psychology. 1973 Oregon’s Governor Tom McCall signed into law Senate Bill 275, instituting the state’s current licensure form of psychologist regulation. The law replaced regulation by credential which protected the use of the title psychologist, but did not regulate the practice itself. 1987 President Reagan signed the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act into law. The McKinney Act provided the first comprehensive program to aid homeless people in the United States. Psychological studies of homelessness and its relation to mental illness, substance abuse, disrupted families, and child development both influenced and resulted from the act.

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