Criminology in Late Modernity

Task 1

Prepare a short summary outline of the essay (essay questions you will find in task 2 which is located in the next page). This outline should have a length of approximately two printed pages. It should contain the following elements:


  1. Essay title
  2. An abstract of up to 150 words summarising students’ core arguments on their chosen essay title
  3. An outline of the essay, summarising its arguments in the order in which they will be presented in the essay
  4. A bibliography of at least 8 to 10 published academic sources on which the essay will be based. The bibliography should be consistently formatted according to a generally accepted bibliographical style.


Detailed instructions on the format and content of the outline will be given during the course. Students’ outlines will be assessed based on the following criteria. These also inform the summative assessment of the full essays:


  1. Clear and coherent presentation


  1. Ability to link the course to the social world and your own observations or experiences.  Keep asking:  How does all this theory actually connect to the modern world and to some of my experiences?


  1. Revealing that you know how criminology differs from ‘common sense’. Does it show a ‘Criminological Imagination’? Have you used academic research to inform your thinking about your essay title?



  1. Inclusion of in the essay outline of an appropriate and clear structure, broadly in the following order:

(i)                 Introduction, introducing essay title and essay structure

(ii)               Main Part, containing the core arguments of the essay

(iii)             Conclusion, summarising the essays’ argument and providing a final answer to the essay title









Task 2


Essay titles


For your first essay, students must choose one of the following essay titles and write a 2,500 word essay about one of the following questions:


  1. It has been suggested that crime in late modernity could be defined as ‘old wines in new bottles’ meaning that crimes in modern society are just repackaged forms of existing crimesEvaluate this statement with reference to contemporary criminological theories.


  1. Is crime inevitable for children born into certain families?  Discuss with reference to developmental criminological perspectives.


  1. ‘Crime is a normal, commonplace, aspect of modern society’(Garland, 2009: 304).  How can this be explained through a New Criminology perspective?


  1. The media tends to focus its gaze on the crimes of the powerless and neglects those of the powerful: discuss.


  1. Why don’t people commit crime? Refer to the theories of left and right realism in your answer.


  1. Worrall (2004) describes the build-up of a moral panic in the late 1990s, focusing on “younger and younger girls becoming increasingly aggressive, mushrooming girl gangs, increased use of drugs and, especially, alcohol, and the wilful abandonment of gender role expectations”.  Do you think concern over female involvement in crime amounts to a ‘moral panic’?


  1. So the people that interested me were the real hardened criminals, who were always dragging me into trouble. But they had style[1]” (artist Robt. Williams).  Do criminals have ‘style’ and is crime ‘cool’?  Discuss with reference to cultural criminology and the seductions of crime.


Do the benefits of living in a ‘surveillance society’ outweigh the harm, or capacity for future harm?  Discuss with reference to crime and crime reduction.


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