Analyze secondary data relevant to a community assessment including the three levels of practice (population, systems, and individual/family).

Three methods of generating reported data are secondary analysis of data collected by someone else, surveys, and community reconnaissance. In secondary data the community nurse uses previously gathered data. This type of analysis is readily available, has already been collected and reported, and saves time. In addition, the data has been collected and aggregated over a long period of time so the nurse is able to see trends. Examples of secondary data include minutes from community meetings, public documents, and statistical data (e.g., census and health records, Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 720). Community reconnaissance is another term for surfing the Web and requires that the nurse use the skills of a detective (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 410). Many counties and municipalities have their own website or database, and many are located in state-wide and national databases. Data can also be obtained from the US Census Website, in addition to health departments (both state and county) and community agencies such as the Chamber of Commerce and Port Authority. If it is a very small community, resources may be lacking to develop a website (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 410). When gathering and analyzing secondary data, the community-oriented nurse should consider the three levels of public health practice. A population-based approach considers all levels of practice (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012): Community-focused practice is related to community norms, awareness, attitudes, practices, and behaviors. Community focused practice is measured in term of what proportion of the population actually changes with intervention. System-focused practices are related to organizations, policies, laws, and power structures. This is often the most effective and long-lasting way to change; however it requires change from every single individual in the community. Individual-focused practice is related to knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, practices, and behaviors of individuals. Individuals receive services because they are identified as belonging to a population-at-risk. Reference: Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2012). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community. (8th ed). St. Louis, MO: Mosby). Learning Activity #3: WK2 Milestone Secondary Data Read Chapter 18 in your Stanhope and Lancaster textbook. Assessing the community requires gathering existing data, generating missing data, and interpreting the database. For this assignment complete the following: Visit the United States Census Website at o Select data at the top of the page. o Using the dropdown menu select Data Tools and Apps. o Then select America Finder. o In the search area enter the city, town, or zip code of your identified community. (DOUGLAS COUNTY, GEORGIA). o Collect data about your community Complete the Secondary Data Collection OF DOUGLAS COUNTY IN GEORGIA. o Using the data source column of the data collection tool cite in proper APA format including the URL for each of your searches. Write a one page paper that (1) describes the relevance of the nursing assessment as it relates to secondary data collection and (2) provides a written assessment of the secondary data as follows: o Include information such as demographic profile, social characteristics, economy, housing, poverty and other pertinent information. o When appropriate, use proportions to describe the population instead of raw numbers; convert data to the percent of the population if necessary. o Briefly reflect on what was learned (what was new, what was challenging about completing the survey, and what information was most useful). o Cite your sources using APA format. Submit a copy of the completed Secondary Data Collection tool along with a rough draft of your paper

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